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Why is it called GMT?

2 mins. read
GMT stands for Greenwich Mean Time, which is a time standard that is used as a reference for the local time at the Prime Meridian, the line of longitude that passes through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England. The Prime Meridian is used as the reference point for determining the time in all other time zones around the world.
GMT was originally developed in the 19th century as a way to standardize time for astronomical observations. At that time, each town and city had its own local time based on the position of the sun in the sky. This made it difficult to coordinate time-sensitive activities, such as scheduling train departures, across different locations.
To solve this problem, the Royal Observatory in Greenwich was chosen as the reference point for determining time, and the mean solar time at the Prime Meridian was adopted as the standard time for the world. This time became known as Greenwich Mean Time.
Today, GMT is still used as a reference time, but it has been replaced as the official time standard by Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), which is based on atomic clocks and is more accurate than solar time. Atomic time is a highly accurate form of timekeeping that is based on the vibrations of atoms. It is the basis for the international standard for time, known as Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Atomic time is generated using an atomic clock, which is a device that uses the natural vibrations of atoms to measure time. Atomic clocks are based on the principle that certain types of atoms vibrate at a very stable frequency when they are excited by a particular type of energy. By measuring these vibrations, an atomic clock can keep time with an accuracy of about one second in several million years.
Atomic time is used as a standard for many applications where accurate timekeeping is important, such as in navigation systems, satellite communications, and power grid synchronization. It is also used as a reference for civil time, which is the time that is used in everyday life.
Despite this, the term "GMT" is still widely used to refer to the time at the Prime Meridian. Interesting, isn't it?
May 30, 2023


Ankita Joshi
Ankita Joshi

A history, culture and music enthusiast with tremendous love for travel! My love for writing comes from my love for reading and exploring various topics.

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