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Asia’s Most Magical Lantern Festivals

7 mins. read

Published in the Sunday Mumbai Samachar on 7 July, 2024

Much like Diwali in India, where millions of lamps and fireworks illuminate the night to celebrate the triumph of light over darkness, many places in Asia are known for their magical lantern festivals. I have been to a few and I can only say that Lantern festivals across Asia offer a unique blend of cultural traditions, stunning visuals, and enchanting experiences that captivate travellers like you and me.

From the ancient rituals in Thailand to the vibrant celebrations in Japan, these festivals are a testament to the deep roots of Asian culture. So today, let journey through the most enchanting lantern festivals of Asia, where light and culture converge to create unforgettable memories and find out why these should be on your travel bucketlist. But before listing them down, lets dive into a little bit of history.

Lantern festivals have a deep-rooted history in Asian cultures, often tied to religious and spiritual beliefs. Originating over 2,000 years ago during the Eastern Han Dynasty in modern day China, these festivals were initially used to worship Lord Buddha and other deities. The lanterns, symbolising the shedding of light on the future, were believed to bring good luck and ward off evil spirits. Over time, these traditions evolved, incorporating local customs and became grand public spectacles that draw millions of visitors. And these festivals are so much similar to our very own Diwali, where homes, temples, and streets are illuminated with lanterns, oil lamps, candles, and fireworks, symbolizing the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. Now that we have a good background, let’s dive into some of Asia’s most famous lantern festivals.

Yi Peng and Loy Krathong, Thailand

In the Thai city of Chiang Mai, the Yi Peng festival transforms the night sky into a sea of glowing lanterns. Held in November, this festival coincides with Loy Krathong, where participants release small floating rafts adorned with candles and flowers into rivers and lakes. The combination of sky and water lanterns creates a mesmerizing sight. The lanterns, known as "khom loi," are released with prayers and wishes for the future, making this an emotionally charged and visually stunning event.

Traditional Lanna dance performances, elaborate parades, and live music set the festive mood. Visitors can participate in lantern-making workshops, where they learn the art of crafting and decorating lanterns. The sight of thousands of lanterns ascending into the night sky, combined with the floating krathongs (floating rafts) on the river, creates a captivating and almost surreal atmosphere.

Pingxi Sky Lantern Festival, Taiwan

The Pingxi Sky Lantern Festival in Taiwan is another awe-inspiring event, typically held during the Lunar New Year. Originally a means of communication, the lanterns now serve as a medium for expressing wishes and dreams. Participants write their hopes on paper lanterns before releasing them into the sky. The sight of thousands of lanterns ascending simultaneously is a breathtaking spectacle, symbolising the release of worries and the welcoming of a prosperous year.

Traditional folk performances, food stalls offering local delicacies, and craft markets enhance the overall experience. Visitors can explore the historic Pingxi Old Street, known for its charming architecture and vibrant atmosphere. The festival’s grand finale, where the sky is filled with a myriad of glowing lanterns, leaves an indelible mark on all who witness it.

Nagasaki Lantern Festival, Japan

Marking the Chinese New Year, the Nagasaki Lantern Festival is a vibrant celebration that illuminates the city with over 15,000 colourful lanterns. Originating from the city's Chinese community, this festival features elaborate lantern displays, traditional Chinese performances, and delicious street food. The highlight is the parade of the Emperor and Empress, a reenactment of the historic procession from China, complete with dragon dances and traditional costumes.

The festival spans several days, each featuring different events and activities. From Chinese acrobatics to musical performances and martial arts demonstrations, the festival showcases a rich blend of cultural traditions. Food stalls line the streets, offering an array of Chinese and Japanese delicacies, allowing visitors to indulge in a culinary journey. The lantern displays, ranging from small intricate designs to massive illuminated sculptures, create a dazzling visual feast.

Seoul Lantern Festival, South Korea

Held along Seoul city’s Cheonggyecheon Stream, the Seoul Lantern Festival is a modern take on the traditional lantern festival. Every November, the stream is adorned with large illuminated sculptures depicting Korean folklore, historical figures, and modern themes. This festival not only showcases artistic creativity but also reflects the dynamic culture of South Korea. Visitors can walk along the stream, enjoying the light installations and participating in various interactive activities.

The festival offers a wide range of experiences, from traditional Korean performances to interactive light displays. Visitors can participate in lantern-making workshops, enjoy live music, and explore the various themed zones along the stream. The festival also features night markets, where local artisans and food vendors offer unique products and delicacies. The illuminated sculptures, set against the backdrop of the city’s skyline, create a stunning visual contrast that captivates the imagination.

Now that I have listed down some of the most famous festivals, I wanted to leave you with some travel tips here. Remember, timing is crucial when planning to attend a lantern festival. Most festivals are held during specific lunar months, so checking the exact dates beforehand is essential. Yi Peng and Loy Krathong usually occur in November, while the Pingxi Sky Lantern Festival coincides with the Lunar New Year, typically in late January or February.

When you plan to visit such a festival, my opinion is that comfortable clothing and footwear are a must, as you’ll likely be walking and standing for long periods. A good camera or smartphone with ample memory is essential to capture the stunning visuals. To ensure that you don’t miss out, book your tour very much in advance, as these festivals attract large crowds.

From my perspective, lantern festivals in Asia are more than just spectacular events; they are profound cultural experiences that leave lasting impressions. The blend of ancient traditions, communal spirit, and breathtaking visuals makes these festivals a must-see for any traveller. As you plan your next adventure, consider immersing yourself in the magic of a lantern festival. You’ll not only witness the beauty of thousands of lanterns lighting up the night sky but also gain a deeper appreciation for the rich cultural heritage of Asia.

Have you ever experienced a lantern festival? If not, which one would you like to attend? Let me know, by writing to me at Let these festivals inspire your next travel journey so you and your loved ones can Celebrate Life! Chalo Bag Bharo Nikal Pado!

July 06, 2024


Neil Patil
Neil Patil

Founder & Director, Veena World

More Blogs by Neil Patil

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